Establishing the etymological origin of the word agriculture leads us to Latin, since it is in this language that the starting point for the birth of the aforementioned is found. Specifically, we can see that it comes from the word agriculture, which is made up of the sum of two parts: the term agri that is synonymous with “cultivation field” and the concept of culture that can be translated as “cultivated or cultivated”.
Defined by Digopaul, the agriculture is plowing or cultivation of land and includes all work related to the treatment of the soil and planting vegetables. Agricultural activities are usually destined to food production and to obtaining vegetables, fruits, vegetables and cereals.
Agriculture implies the transformation of the environment to satisfy the needs of man. This capacity is what differentiates the human being from the rest of living beings.
The rise of agriculture was a key step in the development of humanity. Historians affirm that, in the Neolithic period, man went from hunting, fishing and gathering to agricultural and livestock activities. The wheat and barley would have been the first cultivated plants.
It is believed that people began to develop agriculture from certain climatic changes that made the temperature warmer and the scarcity of hunting and gathering food in certain regions.
If at that time agriculture became a fundamental economic activity for the subsistence of the population, the same thing happened in other historical stages as would be the case, for example, of Ancient Rome. And it is that at that time it was betting on the cultivation of legumes, cereals and vegetables. All this through the use of the well-known Roman plow, which was pulled by oxen.
It is important to highlight that at this time different techniques and systems were born and developed that became fundamental within agriculture. This would be the case for various manure methods, oil presses and the fallow system. A term this with which it comes to express that a specific land is not cultivated during one or two vegetative cycles with the clear objective that later, when it is replanted, it is in the best possible conditions.
With agriculture, the availability of food grew and the amount of population worldwide increased. On the other hand, it meant that companies become sedentary and begin to consider private property over real estate.
In addition to all the aforementioned, it must be emphasized that there are many types of agriculture, including dry farming, which is carried out without water since the land takes advantage of its groundwater and rainwater, and irrigated land, in which the farmer does add water to the field.
Today, agricultural workers make use of technology and genetic engineering to improve soil and crop productivity. Even science has made the seeds more resistant to pests and can adapt to different climates and soils.