The word asepsis is of Greek origin; means absence or lack of septic matter, that is, of any bacteria or microbes that can cause infection.
Asepsis is also the set of procedures that prevent the introduction of pathological germs in a certain organism, environment and object.
As such, the term asepsis is closely related to medicine. The asepsis medical consists of a series of procedures and measures in clinical centers and materials to prevent the arrival of pathogenic microorganisms, transmission virus, etc.
On the other hand, and following the medical area, surgical asepsis is the sterilization of a certain place, specifically the surgical room, to avoid infections in the patient.
Both procedures allow a speedy recovery for the patient. Among the aseptic measures we can mention the following:
- Sterilization of objects.
- Frequent hand washing.
- Clean all areas where daily activities are carried out.
- Proper management of in-hospital solid waste.
- Provision of information on the management of coughing or sneezing so as not to perform it on a sterilized object.
- Insulation techniques
- Use of appropriate clothing and utensils.
In consideration of the above, the asepsis of hands is a very important process to prevent the spread of germs that cause infections, as the skin is the major route of transmission of microorganisms through direct contact (SSC), or indirectly, through contact with contaminated objects and surfaces.
On the other hand, asepsis also refers to the absence of feelings or emotion. For example: “his marriage separation achieved his decorative asepsis of the interior space of his new home”
The word asepsis, translated into English is asepsis.
Asepsis and antisepsis
Antisepsis is the substance or process that eliminates or prevents the development of pathogenic microorganisms present on the living surface through the application of antiseptics to ensure asepsis. Some of them are iodinated compounds, chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, alcohols, soaps, etc.
Specifically, asepsis is a method of prevention, applied in a certain environment to avoid contamination of it by infectious and pathological agents, cleaning, sterilization of objects, use of isolation techniques, etc. While antisepsis is used for the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms in living tissue, alcohol, soap, iodine compounds are used, etc.