Throat Cancer

Throat Cancer in English

Throat cancer is also known as pharyngeal carcinoma in medical terminology and affects the pharynx. This is a malignant tumour, but in most cases it can be removed by surgery. What is throat cancer? Throat cancer refers to malignant tumors that can affect all parts of the human throat. If the cancer affects the upper […]

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Lupus Vulgaris

Lupus Vulgaris in English

Lupus vulgaris is one of about ten known types of so-called skin tuberculosis, which, like pulmonary tuberculosis, is usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As a rule, the infectious disease, which only rarely occurs in Central Europe, is a reinfection, because the skin normally represents an impenetrable barrier for the pathogen. Lupus vulgaris usually manifests itself […]

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Methemoglobinemia in English

Methaemoglobinemia is when there is an increased level of methemoglobin in the blood. Methemoglobin is a derivative of hemoglobin, which gives red blood cells their color and binds oxygen for transport around the body. Since methemoglobin cannot bind oxygen, there is a systemic undersupply of oxygen in methemoglobinemia, which becomes noticeable, among other things, through […]

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Intellectual Disability

Intellectual Disability in English

Statistically, about three percent of the population is affected by intellectual disability. Different degrees of severity are differentiated from the so-called “borderline intelligence” to “severe intellectual disability”. This is an impairment of mental abilities. What is intellectual disability? The cause may be that the mother contracted viral or bacterial infections (e.g. rubella) during pregnancy or consumed drugs […]

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Kashin-Beck Disease

Kashin-Beck Disease in English

Kaschin-Beck disease, also known by the synonyms Cashing-Beck disease or Kaschin-Beck syndrome, affects approximately three million people worldwide. It is a non-contagious and non-inflammatory disease of the joints and bones. The name derives from its two discoverers, the physician Nikolai Ivanovich Kashin and the scientist Melinda A. Beck. What is Kashin-Beck disease? The diagnosis is made based on […]

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Legionnaires' Disease

Legionnaires’ Disease in English

Legionellosis, also known as Legionnaires’ disease, is a severe variation of pneumonia. Legionnaires’ disease is caused by a bacterium that belongs to the Legionella subgenus. What is Legionnaires’ disease? The older and weaker the affected person is, the more serious the symptoms are. If no treatment is started, legionellosis is also classified as life-threatening. See AbbreviationFinder […]

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Labia Synechia

Labia Synechia in English

In the case of labia synechia, the labia minora stick together and can provide a breeding ground for bacteria over time, so that urinary tract infections and even hydonephrosis are favored. The most common cause of the phenomenon is trauma to the epithelial layer. The treatment is carried out by daily application of an ointment […]

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Kniest Dysplasia

Kniest Dysplasia in English

Kniest dysplasia is a congenital developmental disorder of the skeleton that goes back to a genetic mutation and is characterized by severe short stature. The prognosis depends on the severity of the individual case. Causal therapies are not yet available. What is Kniest dysplasia? Because of the thickening of the bones and the largely immobile […]

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Hypervitaminosis in English

Hypervitaminosis is vitamin poisoning. In most cases, the cause is misuse of dietary supplements. Even serious health disorders sometimes result from hypervitaminosis. What is hypervitaminosis? In most cases, the poisoning causes gastrointestinal problems, headaches and circulatory disorders. Those affected vomit frequently and also suffer from a loss of appetite, which in turn can cause deficiency […]

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Complex regional pain syndrome

CRPS in English

According to abbreviationfinder, Complex regional pain syndrome is also known as complex regional pain syndrome or CRPS for short. The term replaces the synonymous terms Sudeck’s disease, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, Sudeck’s dystrophy and algodystrophy. What is Complex Regional Pain Syndrome? A diagnosis is made primarily on the basis of the clinical manifestations. Imaging methods such […]

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posterior pituitary insufficiency

HHL in English

According to abbreviationfinder, HHL stands for posterior pituitary insufficiency. Posterior pituitary insufficiency is characterized by an isolated failure of the hormone secretion of the posterior pituitary or at least by a reduced release of the hormones oxytocin and ADH (antidiuretic hormone) produced in the hypothalamus. Oxytocin plays a special role in the birth process in women […]

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Hypoxia in English

Hypoxia is a lack of oxygen in the arterial blood. More generally, medicine also refers to a low oxygen concentration in tissue. Hypoxia usually occurs as a result of other diseases. What is hypoxia? Characteristic symptoms of hypoxia are changes in breathing, rapid heart rate and/or chest pain. Mental symptoms such as unreasonable euphoria, perceived […]

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Femoral Head Necrosis

Femoral Head Necrosis in English

According to abbreviationfinder, femoral head necrosis, also known as femur necrosis , is a serious disease of the hip bone. Severe circulatory disorders lead to bone tissue dying off. Consequences for the avascular, i.e. no longer supplied with blood, and necrotic femoral head are possible collapses in the further course of development, hip arthrosis up […]

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Corneal Inflammation

Corneal Inflammation in English

According to abbreviationfinder, corneal inflammation, also known as keratitis, is an inflammatory change in the cornea of the eye. It is associated with pain, decreased tear flow, increased sensitivity to light, and reduced vision. In most cases, the corneal inflammation heals without any consequences – however, if treatment is not given for a long time, […]

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Testicular Torsion

Testicular Torsion in English

A testicular torsion, i.e. the twisting of the testicles and the associated structures, such as the spermatic cord, is an extremely painful matter. Babies and small children are primarily affected, but testicular torsion can also occur suddenly in adulthood. What is testicular torsion? In testicular torsion, the testicles and spermatic cord twist around their own […]

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Granuloma Inguinale (Donovanosis)

Granuloma Inguinale (Donovanosis) in English

According to, the venereal disease granuloma inguinale or donovanosis is particularly common in tropical countries. If treatment is started early, the infection can often be completely cured. What is granuloma inguinale? Granuloma inguinale is one of the infectious sexually transmitted diseases (diseases that are transmitted through sexual intercourse). The term Donovanosis goes back to […]

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Brain Atrophy

Brain Atrophy in English

According to, brain atrophy refers to the progressive loss of brain mass and neuronal connections in the brain. Causes can be a number of diseases. Those affected suffer from limitations in their mental and/or motor skills. What is brain atrophy? Brain atrophy is a common side effect of several neurological disorders. Both the entire […]

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Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E in English

Hepatitis E is a form of liver inflammation caused by a virus. It is atypical for Europe and occurs primarily in Asia, Central and South America, and Northeast and North Africa. What is hepatitis E? According to Abbreviationfinder, Hepatitis E is an acute inflammation of the liver. The cause is the hepatitis E virus. It […]

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Hand Infections

Hand Infections in English

Abrasions and small cuts on the hand can easily occur when using tools or when doing gardening and housework and are often ignored. However, if symptoms persist, hand infections must also be considered. What are hand infections? Hand infections often develop after an injury from germs that can more easily penetrate the skin through the […]

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Venereal Diseases

Venereal Diseases in English

Despite modern contraceptive methods and medical measures, sexually transmitted diseases are still widespread today. With modern treatment methods, however, these can largely be cured and the symptoms alleviated. What are STDs? The term sexually transmitted diseases is understood to mean all infectious symptoms which can be transmitted by pathogenic germs and which are spread through […]

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uterine infection

Uterine Inflammation in English

The clinical picture of uterine inflammation, cervicitis, endometritis or myometritis is a classic pathological impairment in women of different age groups due to the anatomical features. What is uterine infection? The uterine inflammation, which can affect even young women, is also known as cervicitis, endometritis or myometritis. In medical parlance, the ending -itis always indicates […]

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Drug Addiction

Drug Addiction in English

A drug addiction is a pathological dependence on a certain substance. This cannot be controlled by the person concerned or can be ended without further ado. The triggering substance can be heroin, cocaine, alcohol or medication. Drug addiction damages the person’s body and mind and is potentially fatal. What is a drug addiction? Experts understand […]

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Cockayne Syndrome

Cockayne Syndrome in English

When Cockayne syndrome is a genetically caused disease that occurs relatively rarely. The disease is usually passed on to children through an autosomal recessive route. The common abbreviation for Cockayne Syndrome is CS. Symptoms such as short stature, reduced intelligence and early signs of old age are typical of the disease. What is Cockayne Syndrome? […]

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Dementia Pugilistica

Dementia Pugilistica in English

In medicine, according to, dementia pugilistica is a traumatic encephalopathy with symptoms similar to Parkinson’s disease. The disease is most common among boxers and other people who are often hit on the head. There is currently no causal therapy. What is dementia pugilistica? Dementia pugilistica is also known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy, fist fighting […]

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Cholesteatoma in English

If the demarcation between the external auditory canal and the middle ear no longer exists, there is a risk of a cholesteatoma, which then makes surgical treatment inevitable. What is a cholesteatoma? Cholesteatoma is a disease of the ears. By nature, the ears are divided into different sections, including the external ear canal and middle […]

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Bed-Wetting in English

Bed-Wetting in English

Bed-wetting, wetting or enuresis are terms for a childhood disease in which children and adolescents do not yet have the natural urge to urinate under control. Usually they soak in at night without even realizing it. Bed-wetting can have both psychological and physical (hormonal balance) causes and should be examined and treated by a pediatrician. […]

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Asherman Syndrome

Asherman Syndrome in English

According to, asherman syndrome is a rare gynecological disease. In the worst case, it can lead to sterility. What is Asherman Syndrome? Asherman syndrome, also known as Fritsch-Asherman syndrome or Fritsch syndrome, is a gynecological disease in which the uterus is closed by adhesions, usually as a result of surgical interventions. In 1894, the […]

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