What is Clandestine?
As clandestine we designate something secret or hidden, or that is carried out in a very discreet way, so that it cannot be discovered. The word, as such, comes from the Latin word clandestīnus.
The clandestine, in general, is also linked to any type of activity that is carried out with the back to the law, or without respecting the legal requirements of rigor. In this sense, because certain clandestine activities constitute a crime in themselves, they are subject to punishment. Hence, those who act in hiding try to stay hidden or without attracting attention.
However, not all clandestine situations are legally prohibited. Some are hardly socially sanctioned.
The clandestine love has been a recurring theme in romantic literature throughout history. As such, it is typical of lovers whose love cannot be publicly manifested, generally due to external impediments such as family quarrels, racial or social class differences, prohibition, and even simple dishonesty. A clandestine love was that of Romeo and Juliet, of the tragedy of William Shakespeare, whose families hated each other, but also the loves of don Juan, who went around the world mocking women; as well as the loves between the characters of Del amor and other demons, novel by Gabriel García Márquez, the one religious in a vow of celibacy, the other possessed in the process of exorcism.
A clandestine marriage is called one that is celebrated in secret, without the presence of a priest who officiates the union and without even having the presence of witnesses who give legal validity to the marriage contract.
As clandestine an abortion can also be designated that is carried out without observing the legal dispositions of rigor for the case. In many countries, whose laws continue without legalizing the artificial interruption of pregnancy, clandestine abortion is the most usual alternative to suspend pregnancy, despite the legal consequences and the risks that it entails for the health of the woman who practices it.
A clandestine work is one that is done to the margin of current labor laws in a country. Clandestine work can be both to carry out criminal acts (drug trafficking, illegal arms sales, etc.), as well as to carry out common work, but without having the required documentation and, consequently, without labor rights and without the employer acquires legal obligations with the worker. This is the kind of work immigrants usually do.
The clandestine trade , meanwhile, is one that involves the purchase and sale or exchange of products, goods or services, and illegally (to evade taxes, for example), and because the products or services purchased are themselves , illicit (drug trafficking, white trafficking, kidnappings, etc.).
As landfill clandestine called garbage dump that used to dispose of all waste (usually, highly polluting or toxic), behind the law, and without complying with any sanitary control.
Clandestinity in politics
Also in politics the underground has a long history. As such, when a society faces an authoritarian, dictatorial, undemocratic regime that does not respect human rights, as have been, throughout history, left and right military dictatorships in Latin America. the political action clandestine sometimes turns out to be the only possible way to disseminate ideas of democracy and social justice and attempting to destabilize established power.