Ketone

Ketone in English

Graduate Abbreviations

The ketone is an organic compound that has a carbonyl group. To understand what the term refers to, therefore, we must understand the notions of organic compound and carbonyl group.

An organic compound is a substance that has carbon and forms carbon-hydrogen or carbon-carbon bonds. A carbonyl group, for its part, is a radical (a certain grouping of atoms) that is formed with a carbon atom that is linked to an oxygen atom through a double bond.

In the specific case of the ketone, it is an organic compound that has a carbonyl group linked to two carbon atoms. If the carbonyl group is the most important in the compound, the name of the ketone is generated by adding the suffix -one to the hydrocarbon or mentioning the radicals with the term “ketone” at the end. If the carbonyl group is not the main group, then the prefix oxo– is used.

According to DigoPaul, Ketones can be oxidized only with strong oxidants, producing acids that have a smaller number of carbon atoms. In response to a reduction reaction, ketones generate secondary alcohols. It should be noted that the reactions of ketones and aldehydes can be nucleophilic reduction, oxidation or addition.

Compared to aldehydes, these organic compounds are less reactive. Ketones, on the other hand, do not react with Schiff, Fehling, and Tollens reagents.

It is possible to distinguish between aromatic ketones (such as quinones), aliphatic ketones (among which symmetric ketones and asymmetric ketones differ), and mixed ketones (such as phenylmethylbutanone).

One of the ways in which we find ketone on a day-to-day basis is through the natural substance called raspberry ketone (which is also known by its English name, raspberry ketone). It is often used to complement weight loss treatments, that is, as a dietary supplement, since it has various properties that make it ideal for this purpose.

Raspberry ketone is a thermogenic, that is, it has the ability to accelerate the basal metabolism through an increase in the body’s temperature, which manages to burn reserve fats. Green tea is another product that falls into this category, although raspberry ketone has a more suitable molecular structure for burning fat. On the other hand, it also reduces the sensation of appetite and the need to eat sugary foods.

In 2005 a scientific study was carried out to verify the effectiveness of raspberry ketone in the fight against obesity or, rather, in weight loss treatments that are based on the use of supplements to regulate metabolism. . The results were overwhelming; revealed that this substance helps activate the hormone adiponectin, which regulates especially the metabolism of fatty acids found in fat cells, and makes it more abundant in the bloodstream.

The evidence found by scientists was strengthened when a famous American doctor disclosed the benefits of raspberry ketone through his television program. And, as is often the case, a hit in America is a first-class ticket to a worldwide hit.

Many people wonder if they can get the same benefits simply by eating natural raspberries. The answer does not give rise to many options: to burn the same amount of fat that 100 mg of raspberry ketone allows, you should eat more than 40 kg of fruit. Regardless of the fact that this amount of raspberry is impossible to ingest in a single day, the caloric value that it supposes would be counterproductive.

Ketone